Each Party to the Treaty undertakes to take appropriate measures to
ensure that, in accordance with this Treaty, under appropriate
international observation and through appropriate international
procedures, potential benefits from any peaceful applications of nuclear
explosions will be made available to non-nuclear-weapon States Party to
the Treaty on a non-discriminatory basis and that the charge to such
Parties for the explosive devices used will be as low as possible and
exclude any charge for research and development. Non-nuclear-weapon
States Party to the Treaty shall be able to obtain such benefits,
pursuant to a special international agreement or agreements, through an
appropriate international body with adequate representation of
non-nuclear-weapon States. Negotiations on this subject shall commence
as soon as possible after the Treaty enters into force.
Non-nuclear-weapon States Party to the Treaty so desiring may also
obtain such benefits pursuant to bilateral agreements.